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ARIZONA REVISED STATUTES
TITLE 44.  TRADE AND COMMERCE
CHAPTER 9.  TRADE PRACTICES GENERALLY
ARTICLE 16.  COMMERCIAL ELECTRONIC MAIL
Added by 2003 S.B. 1280 (approved May 16, 2003)


44-1372.  Definitions

    In this article, unless the context otherwise requires:

    1. "Commercial electronic mail" means electronic mail sent for the purpose of encouraging the purchase or rental of, or investment in, property, goods or services.

    2. "Electronic mail" means an electronic message, executable program or computer file containing an image of a message that is transmitted between two or more computers or electronic terminals and includes electronic messages that are transmitted within or between computer networks.

    3. "Electronic mail service provider" means any person who is an intermediary in sending or receiving electronic mail and who provides to end users of electronic mail services the ability to send or receive electronic mail.

    4. "Established business relationship" means a prior or existing relationship formed by a voluntary communication between a person or entity and the recipient, with or without an exchange of consideration, on the basis of an inquiry, application, purchase or use by the recipient regarding products or services offered by the person or entity.

    5. "Sender" means a person who initiates an unsolicited commercial electronic mail.

    6. "Unsolicited commercial electronic mail" means a commercial electronic mail message sent, without the consent of the recipient, by a person with whom the recipient does not have an established business relationship.


44-1372.01.  Regulations; powers of attorney general; cumulative remedies

    A. A person shall not knowingly transmit commercial electronic mail if any of the following apply:

    1. The person falsifies electronic mail transmission information or other routing information for unsolicited commercial electronic mail.

    2. The mail contains false or misleading information in the subject line.

    3. The person uses a third party's Internet address or domain name without the third party's consent for the purpose of transmitting electronic mail in a way that makes it appear that the third party was the sender of the mail.

    B. If a person sends unsolicited commercial electronic mail or maintains a database for the purpose of sending unsolicited commercial electronic mail, the person shall do the following:

    1. Use the exact characters "ADV:" as the first four characters in the subject line of the unsolicited commercial electronic mail.

    2. Provide a procedure that allows recipients, at no cost to the recipients, to easily do both of the following:

    (a) remove themselves from the sender's electronic mail address lists so the recipients are not included in future electronic mailings from the sender. The sender shall have three business days to remove the recipient's electronic mail address from the sender's electronic mail address lists so the recipients are not included in future electronic mailings from the sender.

    (b) restrict the future sale or transfer of the recipient's electronic mail address information to another person or organization for the purpose of sending commercial electronic mail.

    C. Failure to comply with this article is an unlawful practice pursuant to section 44-1522. The attorney general may investigate and take appropriate action as prescribed by chapter 10, article 7 of this title.

    D. This article is in addition to all other causes of action, remedies and penalties available to this state.

    E. The prohibitions in this section shall apply to any person doing business in this state and to any person who transmits a commercial electronic mail message by any of the following:

    1. From a computer located in this state.

    2. To an electronic mail address that the sender knows, or has reason to know, is held by a resident of this state.

    3. To an interactive computer service with equipment or its principal place of business in this state.


44-1372.02.  Damages

    A. A person whose property or person is injured because of a violation of this article may recover for any damages sustained, including loss of profits, and the costs incurred from the suit.

    B. If an injury results from the intentional transmission of unsolicited commercial electronic mail, the injured person may recover attorney fees and costs and may choose, instead of receiving actual damages, to recover ten dollars for each unsolicited commercial electronic mail message transmitted in violation of this article or twenty-five thousand dollars, whichever is less. This subsection does not apply to an electronic mail service provider.

    C. Nothing in this article creates a cause of action or a right to bring an action against the electronic mail service provider for transmitting unsolicited commercial electronic mail over the computer network.

    D. If an injury results from the intentional transmission of unsolicited commercial electronic mail, an injured electronic mail service provider may recover attorney fees and costs and may choose, instead of receiving actual damages, to recover ten dollars for each unsolicited commercial electronic mail message transmitted in violation of this article or twenty-five thousand dollars, whichever is greater.


44-1372.03.  Court proceedings; secrecy

    At the request of any party to an action brought pursuant to this section, the court may conduct all legal proceedings in a manner to protect the secrecy and security of the computer, computer network, computer data, computer program and computer software involved in order to prevent possible recurrence of the same or similar act by another person and to protect any trade secrets of any party.


44-1372.04.  Applicability

    A. This article does not apply to electronic mail messages if any of the following applies:

    1. The sender is an organization using electronic mail to communicate exclusively with either of the following:

    (a) members of the organization.

    (b) employees or contractors of the organization, or both.

    2. The sender has the consent of the recipient.

    3. The sender has an established business relationship with the recipient.

    4. The commercial electronic mail message is the result of an error.

    5. An interactive computer service provider has attached an advertisement to the message in exchange for use of an electronic mail account or if the sender has agreed to the arrangement.

    B. This article does not apply to an electronic mail service provider if either of the following apply:

    1. The electronic mail service provider is an intermediary between the sender and the recipient in the transmission of electronic mail.

    2. The electronic mail service provider transmits unsolicited commercial electronic mail over the provider's computer network or facilities.

    C. An electronic mail service provider shall not be liable for any action it voluntarily takes in good faith to block the receipt or transmission through its service of any electronic mail advertisements that it believes is or will be sent in violation of this article.


44-1372.05  Violation; classification

    A person who violates this article is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.

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In 2003, more than 10 million Americans fell victim to identity theft.

Identity theft costs business and individuals $53 billion dollars annually

In 2003, Americans spent 300 million hours resolving issues related to identity theft.

70% of all identity theft cases are perpetrated by a co-worker or employee of an affiliated business.